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Thank you for inquiring about the Vietnam War, and its
impact upon U.S. veterans and the United States of America. Americans call
the war, The Vietnam War, and conversely, Vietnam now calls it The
American War. Whatever a war is named, the truism that war is hell
rings clear in this war that saw casualties of horrendous proportions:*
Combatants Killed in Action: 1,382,430
Combatants Wounded in Action: 1,772,465
Combatants MIA/POW: 2,503 (Allied Forces)
Civilians Killed, Vietnamese: 2,000,000
Civilians Killed, Allied: 1,000 (est.)
Count!: Battle Casualties for Allied, Communist, and civilians killed
* Casualties -
US vs. NVA/VC.
On this student/researchers' page you will find,
References, Books, Oral History, suggested lesson-plan for the Vietvet War
era, and Vietnam Veterans' responses to student/researchers surveys about
the United States of America's longest war. Before continuing, Bookmark
this page! You will be tempted many times to link-away to
references, and you want to be able to find your way back.
Student/Researcher inquiries are
numerous and generally the same in content, or subject matter, ranging from
research, reports, or personal interest. Therefore, I have attempted to
compile a list of references (certainly not all encompassing) that will
provide some answers and help you discover the Who, What, Why, Where, and
How as told by Vietnam Veterans.
Several Vietnam War and Veterans homepages are listed on my Personal hot-list pages.
Before checking them out, I urge you to read the Comments and Messages left
at my War Stories Bulletin
Board pages. Many varied opinions and statements are written by
veterans concerning the war and related issues.
Students/Researchers: After compiling your
information into an "A" paper, consider submitting your articulate
and referenced work to this site for attachment to this page. You will be
credited, and others may quote you in their papers.
Vietvets/Veterans: Please Email your suggested references, links, and
responses to questions listed on the survey below, for inclusion on this
Information, references, and books:
Bows, Ray. VIETNAM MILITARY LORE: Legends, Shadows,
and Heroes. (Bows & Sons Publishing, Hanover, Massachusetts)
1997. Ray Bows' brings to life memories of Vietnam and fills in the dark
shadows with answers galore. An easy style of writing, Ray Bows explains
difficult political issues, their foundations in past events and impacts
set in motion during the war years. Retired Master Sergeant Bows has
written the must-read for all who served in Vietnam, as well as
for those at home who want to know what their sons and daughters
experienced in Vietnam. A proud addition to my personal library, and as
it will be for yours.
Viet Nam War Museum Numismatic Collection; Photo Archives; Operation
Homecoming; Philatelic Collection Stamps; Honor and Remember;
How the Vietnam War Differed From Other Wars
about the Vietnam War Excellent interviews, statistics, battle
casualties: "One out of every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam
was a casualty. 58,169 were killed and 304,000 wounded out of 2.59
million who served."
Chronology--U.S.-Vietnam Relations: A Chronology
War Myths Dispels the most virulent myths to come out of the Vietnam
War! A must read!
Knowledge Base, Created and Designed By Tan Le, Brief History of
War, Marcus Wendel's History and more! Check it out!
History 367: Vietnam War History 367 explores the Vietnam War, its role
in diplomatic history, and its impact on American society.
State University - Four dead! Vietnam Veteran's eye witness account.
Vietnam War (1961-1975)
Vietnam War History page Excellent references and links.
Yesterday and Today: The War; Studying and Teaching; Many Links.
Nolan, Keith. The Battle For Saigon: Tet 1968.
(Pocketbook). The dramatic battle for the Saigon Circle--which includes
the capital itself, the U.S. command centers at Tan Son Nhut and Long
Binh, and the vital air bases at Bien Hoa and Tan Son Nhut.
Military Assistance Command, Vietnam / Studies and Observation Group
(MACV/SOG): Numerous links and References listed!
IN HELL WITH DRAGONS, a Vietnam War Biography by Rick Shaffer.
True story and daily chronicle of an Infantryman's perspective with the
"Golden Dragons" of the 25th Infantry Division.
Ending the Vietnam War: President Clinton yesterday
committed America to normalizing relations with Vietnam, the final step
in what has been a very long journey toward peace. Opposition runs
strongest among veterans groups dissatisfied with Hanoi's accounting of
POWs and MIAs.
Notes On Oral History In The Classroom, Marjorie L. McLellan, Miami
written to and from Vietnam Veterans and their families and friends.
Letters Home from Vietnam: "Each Day Seems to Slip Away into the
Dusk", By Cpl. Michael Alan McAninch, USMC, 1st Marine Division,
KIA 1969, Age 22.
dedicated to General Hieu of the Armed Forces of Viet Nam.
TTU Vietnam Center Home Page Outstanding research information!
Vietnam War Bibliography: Table of Contents for War References, Incidents,
Massacres with Superb Research!
Central - Veterans' page: Outstanding Veterans' Reference, Research,
& How-To page!
of the Innocent, By Michael W. Rodriguez
Terry, Wallace Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam
War by Black Veterans.
Wilson, James R. Landing Zones: Combat Vets From
America's Proud, Fighting South Remember Vietnam. (Featured vets in
this oral history, John Candler, Platoon Leader, A/3-21st Inf,
196th LIB; and Mary Laraine Young Hines, a Red Cross Donut Dolly
with the Americal Division)
Goff, Stanley, and Robert Sanders, with Clark Smith, Brothers:
Black Soldiers in the Nam. One of the two ex-GIs featured in this
oral history, Goff, won a DSC while a machine gunner in 1968)
Grant, Zalin, Survivors: American POWs in Vietnam.
Oral history of six GIs captured in January and March 1968.
General Giap is the author of a 62 pages
"book" titled, "How We Won the War." Review Summary:
Giap (Nguyen Giap Vo). "How We Won the War" (Philadelphia, PA:
Recon Publications, 1976). You may read the summary at:
How We Won the War.
Another book by General Giap is:
"People's War, People's Army." A Review Summary: Giap (Nguyen
Giap Vo): The Viet Cong Insurrection Manual for Underdeveloped
Countries" (New York, NY: Praeger, 1962). You may read the summary
People's War, People's Army.
In Vietnam, Research & Links
Read the stories of American/Australian
Civilian/Military Women Who Died in the Viet Nam War (1959-75)
In Hell With Dragons, a Vietnam War Biography by Rick Shaffer. True
story and daily chronicle of an Infantryman's perspective with the
"Golden Dragons" of the 25th Infantry Division.
The Vietnam Memorial: A Super Search engine for Names on The Wall!
Vietnam Veterans Web Memorial: Meaningful interactive visit.
Moving Wall's Itinerary.
publishes original Vietnam War Stories, and poetry. Poetry posted here is
the copyright property of the poet, and include:
. Vietnam War Poetry: A
collection of poems by American poets.
Remember ... the sound of rain ..., by: Vietvet War Poet, Patrick
. Remembrance, by: Patrick
Cosper, Navy Hospital Corpsman
. Welcome Home!, by: Frank
. I'll see you later
Brother, by: Dennis L. Hodo
. 1st LT James R. Gilmore, Jr., by:
. Sky Pilot, Air War Poetry
. High Flight, by John Gillespie Magee,
Jr. (perhaps the most quoted war poem in history);
. Untitled/[Song of the Valkyries],
. Because I Fly, by: Brian
. Dakota, by Peter
of the Bamboo Flute, by Anonymous KIA Viet Cong soldier;
. A poetic letter home: I
was not There, by: Win Norwood
Power of Words, a soldier's story and poetry
Poetry Page ~Women In Country
A Collection of War Poems by English KIA Wildred Owen:
Wildred Owen "...my subject is War, and the
pity of War...the Poetry is in the pity." [KIA last week of WWI]
Although most poets featured above are not famous now,
their poetry is sure to touch the hearts of veterans and civilians alike. I
hope this helps.
Media Paper, by: Kristian
Kahrs, a Journalist's Report, written for the History Seminar at Northwestern College, St.
Paul MN (Spring quarter 1997, Professor, Dr. Charles Aling).
Don, thank you for the link to my essay about
the early part of the Vietnam War, 1962-1963. I write about the journalists
who reported that the war against the Viet Cong was being lost. The Saigon
and Washington establishment were not very pleased with this and they wanted
to maintain the lies, deceit and hypocrisy. Even if the reporters clashed
with the generals, they were the soldiers' best friends. Includes notes and
Kristian Kahrs, Brynjeveien 12, 7060 Klaebu, Norway
Journalist. Sports stringer for The Associated Press E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org,
Phone: +47 906 45 148 URL: http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/Track/1007
Kristian: I find value in your paper as an example of
the media mindset during the war. One thing you should understand:
Correspondents were not, and are not, loved by those who served in Vietnam.
By linking to your article you may--probably will--receive some harsh email
challenging your facts and accusing you of ignoring other relevant facts.
Such as in your conclusions, whereas you write, "Thus the young and
idealistic correspondents in Saigon were able to make a difference on
American foreign policy." Many will not dispute that statement. Others
will point out most arm-chair correspondents NEVER left Saigon's comforts,
and their worst offense was to deceive and lie to the American people. Some
will agree that correspondents made a difference via deceptions and lies,
such as telling the people that Tet 1968 was a terrible defeat. The truth, as
we all know today, is that Tet was the final defeat of Viet Cong in South
I do not object to controversial stories and
articles. I just want you to understand that you will be taken to task for
"selected facts" not agreeing with individual perceptions of the
Survey Questions that students
commonly ask of War Stories:
Veterans: If you care to respond to this survey, please copy and drop them
into the email by Clicking
Name and Rank
1. What branch of the service were you in?
2. How were you recruited?
3. What was basic training like for you?
4. What did you go to tech school (if any) for?
5. What was your job in the war? e.g.. medic, pilot, etc.
6. What was your MOS? (If more than one name all)
7. What was your first permanent duty station?
8. How old were you when you enlisted, or were drafted?
9. How old are you now?
10. When did you join the war in Vietnam?
11. How did you come to be in the War? egg. volunteer
12. What were your first impressions of Vietnam?
13. What, if anything, do you feel that you gained from your time in
14. Was the war different from what you had expected before you arrived? In
15. What country were you fighting for? egg USA, Australia etc.
16. How long did you serve?
17. What was you rank in the army?
18. Did you receive any medals, if so what and what for?
19. During the war were you well informed on what was happening in the
20. What did you do when you weren't fighting?
21. What was you life like after the war?
22. How did you feel about the out come of the war?
23. If you had to do it again, knowing what you do now, would you?
24. Name all the countries you were stationed in during the Vietnam War era.
25. How long were you in each of those countries?
26. What base were you stationed at in each of those countries?
27. Were you married when you went into the service?
28. If yes how long?
29. If you went incountry what was it like for you?
30. What was your unit name and #?(ex. Ghost Riders, 189 assault
31. Did you experience any anti-war propaganda?
32. How old were you when the war began/ended?
Vietnam Veterans Featured Responses
to Students Survey and class Questions:
Other Vietnam War Reference Pages:
Lesson Plan (of sorts) for Class
I am a high school Literary Arts/Creative Writing teacher
and am looking for poems that were written by Viet Nam Vets about their
experiences during and after the war for an extensive unit I am planning on
the war, the music, film, literature, art, etc. for my creative writers. I
would sure appreciate any help you could give me. I was in college during
the war, and lost several good friends over there, but really don't know how
to relate this sad period in our history to my students. Could you give me
some suggestions, poetry links, or whatever you can about this? My sincere
thanks to you.
Thanks for asking. I'm sure we both remember well the
tragedy and turmoil our country endured from 1963-1975. In many ways it is
gratifying that students and professors are now asking those who served in
Vietnam their sides and versions of what happened.
For poetry, I am amazed that war poets sing the same woe
over pity and human folly--through all wars, often decades apart. I
recommend the WWI poetry of Wilfred Owen, killed in action, France, 1918,
during the last days of that war at: poems.htm . I am always moved by his
stirring words, whereas Wilfred Owen once said: "Above all I am not
concerned with Poetry--my subject is War, and the pity of War ... the
Poetry is in the pity."
For comparison of WWI trenches to the jungles and tropical
rainforests of Vietnam, read what the common soldier and airmen have
composed in heartfelt words, along with families and those left
behind...beginning with a poem of love and remembrance in tribute to James
R. Gilmore, Jr. 1LT, by GReady, at: t-gilmorejames.htm .
Next, a listing of clickable favorites at Sky Pilot
skypilot.htm . Then checkout the list of poems listed on this
student/researcher page, and click a few. Your students will enjoy the
presentations which are colorful, accompanied by music, and insightful.
After the poetry, have your students read at least three of
the short stories. All have music and photos of the events. War Stories is a
G-rated Family page, so there will be zero blood and guts or profanity --
the English language is still quiet capable of conveying pain and tragedy
while painting the proverbial word picture.
I suggest first reading (and perhaps discussion?): TET 1968, a
battle for Saigon's Tan Son Nhut Air Base, at: tsn-coe-tet-1968.htm (go ahead and be
tempted with the inside story reference to "Heaven's Door").
Second, the story of a 19 year old's memorial by airmen in
Vietnam (it will tug at your heart for sure), at: t-jbj.htm .
Third, my own High School's Welcome Home for me at
Welcome Home1967.htm .
I really must add one more---the circle is not complete
without it, really---my visit, years later, to the Washington D.C. Vietnam
Memorial, commonly called "The Wall" by Vietvets, at < http://www.war-stories.com/dn-poss-wall-autumn-1998.htm >.
If your students cannot grasp the human tragedy of wars
after reading these few (and hopefully other stories), then we are indeed
doomed to repeat mankind's greatest injustice to itself.
I hope this helps with your lesson plan or outline.
References and Copyright:
All information on the above homepages are the property of that page's
webmaster. Remember to give proper credit and references for material used.
If you want to include icons and photos from a page, ask
permission--it will probably be granted.
How to Reference a Webpage:
1) Name of Page Author (if known)
2) Name of Web Page (if the page has a name)
3) URL address: This should be the homepage (1st page) menu address. If you
reference a subpage (such as a story), list the name of the subpage (if
given) and its URL address.
Example for Homepage Reference:
Don Poss, War Stories, http://www.war-stories.com (1995)
Example for subpage story Reference:
Don Poss, War Stories, "The sound of the bamboo flute",
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